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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(7), 6791-6807; doi:10.3390/ijerph110706791

Malaria Vaccine Development and How External Forces Shape It: An Overview

Center of Anatomy, Medical School, University of Cologne, Cologne 50937, Germany
National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University for Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan
Centre for Biomedicine and Infectious Diseases (CBIF), Qinghai Academy for Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Qinghai University, Xining, Qinghai 810016, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2014 / Revised: 3 June 2014 / Accepted: 4 June 2014 / Published: 30 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology, Prevention and Control of Malaria)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [199 KB, uploaded 30 June 2014]


The aim of this paper is to analyse the current status and scientific value of malaria vaccine approaches and to provide a realistic prognosis for future developments. We systematically review previous approaches to malaria vaccination, address how vaccine efforts have developed, how this issue may be fixed, and how external forces shape vaccine development. Our analysis provides significant information on the various aspects and on the external factors that shape malaria vaccine development and reveal the importance of vaccine development in our society. View Full-Text
Keywords: malaria; malaria life cycle; malaria vaccine development malaria; malaria life cycle; malaria vaccine development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Lorenz, V.; Karanis, G.; Karanis, P. Malaria Vaccine Development and How External Forces Shape It: An Overview. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 6791-6807.

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