Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(4), 4326-4339; doi:10.3390/ijerph110404326
Article

Behavior of VOCs and Carbonyl Compounds Emission from Different Types of Wallpapers in Korea

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Received: 14 January 2014; in revised form: 31 March 2014 / Accepted: 11 April 2014 / Published: 17 April 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and carbonyls from three types of commercially available wallpapers (i.e., PVC-coated, paper-backed, natural material-coated) in Korea were evaluated using a 20 L small chamber. A total of 332 products were tested for emission factors, frequencies of occurrence and composition ratios. Toluene and formaldehyde concentrations were below Korean standard values for all products; however, the total VOC (TVOC) concentrations exceeded current standards (4.0 mg/m2·h) for 30 products. The TVOC emission factor for PVC-coated wallpapers, for which polymer materials are used in the manufacturing process, was seven and 16 times higher than those of paper-backed and natural material-coated wallpapers, respectively. The detection frequencies for toluene and formaldehyde were the highest (82.5%) and fourth highest (79.5%), respectively among the 50 target chemical species. The composition ratios for BTEX ranged from 0.3% to 5.1% and unidentified VOCs, which were not qualitatively analyzed using standard gas methods, ranged from 90.2% to 94.8%. Among six carbonyl compounds (acrolein was not detected in any type of wallpaper), acetone had the highest concentrations in PVC-coated (44.6%) and paper-backed (66.6%) wallpapers. Formaldehyde emissions were highest (64.6%) for natural material-coated wallpapers, a result of the formaldehyde-based resin used in the manufacturing process for these products.
Keywords: building materials; wallpaper; volatile organic compounds; carbonyl compounds; small chamber
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, J.; Kim, S.; Kim, A.; Lee, W.; Han, J.; Cha, J.-S. Behavior of VOCs and Carbonyl Compounds Emission from Different Types of Wallpapers in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 4326-4339.

AMA Style

Lim J, Kim S, Kim A, Lee W, Han J, Cha J-S. Behavior of VOCs and Carbonyl Compounds Emission from Different Types of Wallpapers in Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(4):4326-4339.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lim, Jungyun; Kim, Suejin; Kim, ARong; Lee, Wooseok; Han, Jinseok; Cha, Jun-Seok. 2014. "Behavior of VOCs and Carbonyl Compounds Emission from Different Types of Wallpapers in Korea." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 4: 4326-4339.

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