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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12700-12715; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212700

Alcohol Consumption Patterns among Adolescents are Related to Family Structure and Exposure to Drunkenness within the Family: Results from the SEYLE Project

1
Estonian-Swedish Mental Health and Suicidology Institute, Tallinn University Social Work Institute, Tallinn 11615, Estonia
2
Justice College, Estonian Academy of Security Sciences, Tallinn 12012, Estonia
3
National Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention of Mental Ill-Health (NASP) at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm SE-171 77, Sweden
4
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University-New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
5
Medicine and Health Science Department, University of Molise, Via De Sanctis, 86100 Campobasso, Italy
6
Feinberg Child Study Center, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
7
Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital, Budapest 1021, Hungary
8
Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest 1064, Hungary
9
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Oviedo 33003, Spain
10
Section for Disorders of Personality Development, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg 69047, Germany
11
National Suicide Research Foundation, Cork, Ireland
12
Clinical Psychology Department, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca 400012, Romania
13
Research Division for Mental Health, University for Health Science, Medical Informatics Technology (UMIT), Hall in Tyrol 6060, Austria
14
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire CHU de NANCY, Université de Lorraine, Nancy 54500, France
15
Slovene Center for Suicide Research, UP IAM, University of Primorska, Koper SI-6000, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 September 2014 / Revised: 25 November 2014 / Accepted: 28 November 2014 / Published: 8 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention among Youth)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [724 KB, uploaded 8 December 2014]

Abstract

There is expedient evidence showing that differences in adolescent alcohol consumption and other risk-behaviour depend on both family structure and family member drunkenness exposure. Data were obtained among adolescents (N = 12,115, mean age 14.9 ± 0.89) in Austria, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Romania, Slovenia and Spain within the European Union’s 7th Framework Programme funded project, ‘Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE)’. The current study reveals how adolescents’ alcohol consumption patterns are related to their family structure and having seen their family member drunk. The results revealed statistically significant differences in adolescent alcohol consumption depending on whether the adolescent lives in a family with both birth parents, in a single-parent family or in a family with one birth parent and one step-parent. The study also revealed that the abstaining from alcohol percentage among adolescents was greater in families with both birth parents compared to other family types. The study also showed that the more often adolescents see their family member drunk the more they drink themselves. There is no difference in adolescent drinking patterns whether they see their family member drunk once a month or once a week. This study gives an insight on which subgroups of adolescents are at heightened risk of alcohol abuse and that decrease of family member drunkenness may have positive effects on the drinking habits of their children. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; adolescent; risk-behaviour; family structure; family member drunkenness; SEYLE alcohol; adolescent; risk-behaviour; family structure; family member drunkenness; SEYLE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Rüütel, E.; Sisask, M.; Värnik, A.; Värnik, P.; Carli, V.; Wasserman, C.; Hoven, C.W.; Sarchiapone, M.; Apter, A.; Balazs, J.; Bobes, J.; Brunner, R.; Corcoran, P.; Cosman, D.; Haring, C.; Iosue, M.; Kaess, M.; Kahn, J.-P.; Poštuvan, V.; Sáiz, P.A.; Wasserman, D. Alcohol Consumption Patterns among Adolescents are Related to Family Structure and Exposure to Drunkenness within the Family: Results from the SEYLE Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12700-12715.

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