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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 131-145; doi:10.3390/ijerph120100131

Suicide Risks among Adolescents and Young Adults in Rural China

1,2
and
1,3,*
1
School of Social Development, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
2
Department of Sociology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo 14260, USA
3
Department of Sociology, State University of New York College at Buffalo, Buffalo 14222, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Danuta Wasserman, Vladimir Carli and Gergo Hadlaczky
Received: 10 September 2014 / Accepted: 16 December 2014 / Published: 23 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Prevention among Youth)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [698 KB, uploaded 23 December 2014]

Abstract

Background: In China, suicide is one of the major causes of death among adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 34 years. Aim: The current study examines how risk factors vary by age groups in rural China, referring to those aged 15 to 24 years and those aged 25 to 34 years. Method: A case-control psychological autopsy (PA) study is conducted in sixteen counties from three Chinese provinces, including 392 suicide cases and 416 community living controls in the sample. Results: In China, young adults aged 25 to 34 years have a higher risk for suicide than adolescents aged 15 to 24 years, and it holds true even controlling for relevant social factors. In addition, age-related factors such as education, marital status, whether having children, status in the family, physical health, and personal income all have varying degrees of impact on suicide risks for rural youth. Conclusions: This study shows that there are some age-related risk factors for suicide at certain life stages and emphasizes that young adults in rural China aged 25 to 34 years have an increased risk of suicide as a result of experiencing more psychological strains with age. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide; risk factors; adolescent; young adult suicide; risk factors; adolescent; young adult
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhao, S.; Zhang, J. Suicide Risks among Adolescents and Young Adults in Rural China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 131-145.

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