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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(10), 10868-10882; doi:10.3390/ijerph111010868

Functional Validity of a Judgment Skills Measure within the Concept of Health Literacy for Sleeping Disorder Patients

Institute of Communication and Health, University of Lugano, Via G. Buffi 13, 6904 Lugano, Switzerland
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Received: 14 July 2014 / Revised: 25 September 2014 / Accepted: 13 October 2014 / Published: 17 October 2014
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Abstract

The concept of health literacy has been widened to include higher order aspects such as patient decision-making skills while its measurement continued to rely narrowly on reading and numeracy skills, known as functional health literacy. We developed a Judgment Skills measure, designed to assess patients’ ability to make appropriate decisions with regard to their condition. The measure offers scenarios with answer options ranked for biomedical adequacy. This study aims to examine the psychometric properties and the functional validity of the Judgment Skills measure. A self-administered survey among 87 primary insomnia patients in the Italian-speaking part of Switzerland was conducted. The extensive path model included variables such as functional health literacy, coping with the medical condition, experience of the scenario, sleep quality, duration suffering, education, and age. Correlation analyses were conducted to link the variables. The Judgment Skills measure showed the expected significant correlations. In general, higher Judgment Skills were related to coping strategies leading to better health outcomes. Functional health literacy correlated highly with education, while Judgment Skills did not, which confirmed the conceptual difference of these skills. The findings propose a model for conducting research that does embrace the broader conceptualization of health literacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; judgment skills; health behavior; patient decision; sleeping disorders health literacy; judgment skills; health behavior; patient decision; sleeping disorders
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dubowicz, A.; Schulz, P.J. Functional Validity of a Judgment Skills Measure within the Concept of Health Literacy for Sleeping Disorder Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 10868-10882.

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