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Generational Differences in Work-Family Conflict and Synergy
Hagan School of Business, Iona College, 715 North Avenue, New Rochelle, NY 10801, USA
Received: 26 April 2013; in revised form: 31 May 2013 / Accepted: 4 June 2013 / Published: 19 June 2013
Abstract: This paper examines differences in work-family conflict and synergy among the four generational groups represented in the contemporary workforce: Generation Y Generation X, Baby Boomers, and Matures using data from the 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce (n = 3,502). Significant generational differences were found for work-family conflict (work interfering with family and family interfering with work) but not for work-family synergy. Mental health and job pressure were the best predictors of work interfering with family conflict for each generational group. Work-family synergy presented a more complex picture. Work-family conflict and synergy were significantly related to job, marital, and life satisfaction. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Keywords: generational differences; work-family conflict; work-family synergy; mental health; self-rated health; job pressure; social support; autonomy; satisfaction
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Beutell, N.J. Generational Differences in Work-Family Conflict and Synergy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2544-2559.
Beutell NJ. Generational Differences in Work-Family Conflict and Synergy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(6):2544-2559.
Beutell, Nicholas J. 2013. "Generational Differences in Work-Family Conflict and Synergy." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 6: 2544-2559.