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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(6), 2544-2559; doi:10.3390/ijerph10062544

Generational Differences in Work-Family Conflict and Synergy

Hagan School of Business, Iona College, 715 North Avenue, New Rochelle, NY 10801, USA
Received: 26 April 2013 / Revised: 31 May 2013 / Accepted: 4 June 2013 / Published: 19 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Job Stress and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [327 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]

Abstract

This paper examines differences in work-family conflict and synergy among the four generational groups represented in the contemporary workforce: Generation Y Generation X, Baby Boomers, and Matures using data from the 2008 National Study of the Changing Workforce (n = 3,502). Significant generational differences were found for work-family conflict (work interfering with family and family interfering with work) but not for work-family synergy. Mental health and job pressure were the best predictors of work interfering with family conflict for each generational group. Work-family synergy presented a more complex picture. Work-family conflict and synergy were significantly related to job, marital, and life satisfaction. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Keywords: generational differences; work-family conflict; work-family synergy; mental health; self-rated health; job pressure; social support; autonomy; satisfaction generational differences; work-family conflict; work-family synergy; mental health; self-rated health; job pressure; social support; autonomy; satisfaction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Beutell, N.J. Generational Differences in Work-Family Conflict and Synergy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2544-2559.

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