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A Multi-Site Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practice of Child-Dog Interactions in Rural China
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Blvd., CH 415, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
School of Public Health Management, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, Anhui 230032, China
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
School of Public Health, Hebei United University, 46 West Xinhua Road, Tangshan, Hebei 063009, China
Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 237 Yongfeng Road, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315010, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2013; in revised form: 25 February 2013 / Accepted: 27 February 2013 / Published: 7 March 2013
Abstract: This study examines demographic, cognitive and behavioral factors that predict pediatric dog-bite injury risk in rural China. A total of 1,537 children (grades 4–6) in rural regions of Anhui, Hebei and Zhejiang Provinces, China completed self-report questionnaires assessing beliefs about and behaviors with dogs. The results showed that almost 30% of children reported a history of dog bites. Children answered 56% of dog-safety knowledge items correctly. Regressions revealed both demographic and cognitive/behavioral factors predicted children’s risky interactions with dogs and dog-bite history. Boys behaved more riskily with dogs and were more frequently bitten. Older children reported greater risks with dogs and more bites. With demographics controlled, attitudes/beliefs of invulnerability, exposure frequency, and dog ownership predicted children’s self-reported risky practice with dogs. Attitudes/beliefs of invulnerability, dog exposure, and dog ownership predicted dog bites. In conclusion, both demographic and cognitive/behavioral factors influenced rural Chinese children’s dog-bite injury risk. Theory-based, empirically-supported intervention programs might reduce dog-bite injuries in rural China.
Keywords: dog bites; injury; safety; China; rural health
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MDPI and ACS Style
Shen, J.; Li, S.; Xiang, H.; Pang, S.; Xu, G.; Schwebel, D.C. A Multi-Site Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practice of Child-Dog Interactions in Rural China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 950-962.
Shen J, Li S, Xiang H, Pang S, Xu G, Schwebel DC. A Multi-Site Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practice of Child-Dog Interactions in Rural China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(3):950-962.
Shen, Jiabin; Li, Shaohua; Xiang, Huiyun; Pang, Shulan; Xu, Guozhang; Schwebel, David C. 2013. "A Multi-Site Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practice of Child-Dog Interactions in Rural China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 3: 950-962.