Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6764-6782; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126764
Article

Participatory Research to Design a Novel Telehealth System to Support the Night-Time Needs of People with Dementia: NOCTURNAL

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Received: 11 September 2013; in revised form: 15 November 2013 / Accepted: 18 November 2013 / Published: 4 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Telehealthcare)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Strategies to support people living with dementia are broad in scope, proposing both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions as part of the care pathway. Assistive technologies form part of this offering as both stand-alone devices to support particular tasks and the more complex offering of the “smart home” to underpin ambient assisted living. This paper presents a technology-based system, which expands on the smart home architecture, orientated to support people with daily living. The system, NOCTURNAL, was developed by working directly with people who had dementia, and their carers using qualitative research methods. The research focused primarily on the nighttime needs of people living with dementia in real home settings. Eight people with dementia had the final prototype system installed for a three month evaluation at home. Disturbed sleep patterns, night-time wandering were a focus of this research not only in terms of detection by commercially available technology but also exploring if automated music, light and visual personalized photographs would be soothing to participants during the hours of darkness. The NOCTURNAL platform and associated services was informed by strong user engagement of people with dementia and the service providers who care for them. NOCTURNAL emerged as a holistic service offering a personalised therapeutic aspect with interactive capabilities.
Keywords: dementia; ambient assisted living; participatory design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martin, S.; Augusto, J.C.; McCullagh, P.; Carswell, W.; Zheng, H.; Wang, H.; Wallace, J.; Mulvenna, M. Participatory Research to Design a Novel Telehealth System to Support the Night-Time Needs of People with Dementia: NOCTURNAL. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6764-6782.

AMA Style

Martin S, Augusto JC, McCullagh P, Carswell W, Zheng H, Wang H, Wallace J, Mulvenna M. Participatory Research to Design a Novel Telehealth System to Support the Night-Time Needs of People with Dementia: NOCTURNAL. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6764-6782.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martin, Suzanne; Augusto, Juan C.; McCullagh, Paul; Carswell, William; Zheng, Huiru; Wang, Haiying; Wallace, Jonathan; Mulvenna, Maurice. 2013. "Participatory Research to Design a Novel Telehealth System to Support the Night-Time Needs of People with Dementia: NOCTURNAL." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6764-6782.

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