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Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)?
The School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2013; in revised form: 3 December 2013 / Accepted: 4 December 2013 / Published: 12 December 2013
Abstract: TBCA has emerged to solve the limitations of administering cognitive assessments face-to-face. The recent development of telephones and knowledge advances in the area of cognitive impairment may affect the development of TBCA. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how smartphones can be used to enhance the applicability of TBCA, which has previously been administered by conventional telephone. This paper will first review, describe and critique the existing TBCA instruments. It will then discuss the recent developments in tele-technology, the popularity of tele-technology among the elderly, potential benefits and challenges in using smartphones for cognitive assessment, and possible future developments in this technology. In the systematic review, eighteen TBCA instruments were identified. They were found to be valid in differentiating between people with and without dementia. TBCA was previously found to be launched on a conventional telephone platform. The advances in understanding of cognitive impairment may demand that telephones be equipped with more advanced features. Recently, the development and penetration of smartphones among the elderly has been rapid. This may allow the smartphone to enhance its TBCA applicability by overcoming the limitations of the conventional telephone, rendering the TBCA more efficient in addressing the increasing demand and complexity of cognitive assessments in the future. However, more research and technology developments are needed before smartphones can become a valid platform for TBCA.
Keywords: telephone; cognitive assessment; smartphone; dementia
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Kwan, R.Y.-C.; Lai, C.K.-Y. Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 7110-7125.
Kwan RY-C, Lai CK-Y. Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):7110-7125.
Kwan, Rick Y.-C.; Lai, Claudia K.-Y. 2013. "Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 7110-7125.