Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 7110-7125; doi:10.3390/ijerph10127110
Article

Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)?

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Received: 28 August 2013; in revised form: 3 December 2013 / Accepted: 4 December 2013 / Published: 12 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Telehealthcare)
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Abstract: TBCA has emerged to solve the limitations of administering cognitive assessments face-to-face. The recent development of telephones and knowledge advances in the area of cognitive impairment may affect the development of TBCA. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how smartphones can be used to enhance the applicability of TBCA, which has previously been administered by conventional telephone. This paper will first review, describe and critique the existing TBCA instruments. It will then discuss the recent developments in tele-technology, the popularity of tele-technology among the elderly, potential benefits and challenges in using smartphones for cognitive assessment, and possible future developments in this technology. In the systematic review, eighteen TBCA instruments were identified. They were found to be valid in differentiating between people with and without dementia. TBCA was previously found to be launched on a conventional telephone platform. The advances in understanding of cognitive impairment may demand that telephones be equipped with more advanced features. Recently, the development and penetration of smartphones among the elderly has been rapid. This may allow the smartphone to enhance its TBCA applicability by overcoming the limitations of the conventional telephone, rendering the TBCA more efficient in addressing the increasing demand and complexity of cognitive assessments in the future. However, more research and technology developments are needed before smartphones can become a valid platform for TBCA.
Keywords: telephone; cognitive assessment; smartphone; dementia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kwan, R.Y.-C.; Lai, C.K.-Y. Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 7110-7125.

AMA Style

Kwan RY-C, Lai CK-Y. Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):7110-7125.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kwan, Rick Y.-C.; Lai, Claudia K.-Y. 2013. "Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 7110-7125.


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