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Marine Biocatalysts: Enzymatic Features and Applications
Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry, National Research Council, Via Campi Flegrei, 34, 80078 Pozzuoli, Naples, Italy
Received: 9 February 2011; in revised form: 28 February 2011 / Accepted: 23 March 2011 / Published: 25 March 2011
Abstract: In several recent reports related to biocatalysis the enormous pool of biodiversity found in marine ecosystems is considered a profitable natural reservoir for acquiring an inventory of useful biocatalysts. These enzymes are characterized by well-known habitat-related features such as salt tolerance, hyperthermostability, barophilicity and cold adaptivity. In addition, their novel chemical and stereochemical characteristics increase the interest of biocatalysis practitioners both in academia and research industry. In this review, starting from the analysis of these featuring habitat-related properties, important examples of marine enzymes in biocatalysis will be reported. Completion of this report is devoted to the analysis of novel chemical and stereochemical biodiversity offered by marine biocatalysts with particular emphasis on current or potential applications of these enzymes in chemical and pharmaceutical fields. The analysis of literature cited here and the many published patent applications concerning the use of marine enzymes supports the view that these biocatalysts are just waiting to be discovered, reflecting the importance of the marine environment. The potential of this habitat should be thoroughly explored and possibly the way to access useful biocatalysts should avoid destructive large-scale collections of marine biomass for enzyme production. These two aspects are day by day increasing in interest and a future increase in the use of marine enzymes in biocatalysis should be expected.
Keywords: biocatalysis; marine enzymes; marine biocatalysts
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Trincone, A. Marine Biocatalysts: Enzymatic Features and Applications. Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 478-499.
Trincone A. Marine Biocatalysts: Enzymatic Features and Applications. Marine Drugs. 2011; 9(4):478-499.
Trincone, Antonio. 2011. "Marine Biocatalysts: Enzymatic Features and Applications." Mar. Drugs 9, no. 4: 478-499.