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Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(3), 52; doi:10.3390/md14030052

Antimicrobial Action of Compounds from Marine Seaweed

1
Departamento de Biología Funcional y Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidade de Vigo, As Lagoas, Ourense 32004, Spain
2
Departamento de Química Analítica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidade de Vigo, As Lagoas, Ourense 32004, Spain
3
Departamento de Enxeñería Química, Facultad de Ciencias. Universidade de Vigo, As Lagoas, Ourense 32004, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tracy John Mincer and David C. Rowley
Received: 18 December 2015 / Revised: 18 January 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2016 / Published: 9 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibacterial Marine Pharmacology)
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Abstract

Seaweed produces metabolites aiding in the protection against different environmental stresses. These compounds show antiviral, antiprotozoal, antifungal, and antibacterial properties. Macroalgae can be cultured in high volumes and would represent an attractive source of potential compounds useful for unconventional drugs able to control new diseases or multiresistant strains of pathogenic microorganisms. The substances isolated from green, brown and red algae showing potent antimicrobial activity belong to polysaccharides, fatty acids, phlorotannins, pigments, lectins, alkaloids, terpenoids and halogenated compounds. This review presents the major compounds found in macroalga showing antimicrobial activities and their most promising applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: seaweed; antimicrobial; in vitro and in vivo assays; extraction techniques seaweed; antimicrobial; in vitro and in vivo assays; extraction techniques
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez, M.J.; Falqué, E.; Domínguez, H. Antimicrobial Action of Compounds from Marine Seaweed. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 52.

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