Mar. Drugs 2013, 11(6), 2216-2229; doi:10.3390/md11062216
Review

Marine Compounds with Therapeutic Potential in Gram-Negative Sepsis

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Received: 23 April 2013; in revised form: 24 May 2013 / Accepted: 7 June 2013 / Published: 19 June 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper concerns the potential use of compounds, including lipid A, chitosan, and carrageenan, from marine sources as agents for treating endotoxemic complications from Gram-negative infections, such as sepsis and endotoxic shock. Lipid A, which can be isolated from various species of marine bacteria, is a potential antagonist of bacterial endotoxins (lipopolysaccharide (LPSs)). Chitosan is a widespread marine polysaccharide that is derived from chitin, the major component of crustacean shells. The potential of chitosan as an LPS-binding and endotoxin-neutralizing agent is also examined in this paper, including a discussion on the generation of hydrophobic chitosan derivatives to increase the binding affinity of chitosan to LPS. In addition, the ability of carrageenan, which is the polysaccharide of red alga, to decrease the toxicity of LPS is discussed. We also review data obtained using animal models that demonstrate the potency of carrageenan and chitosan as antiendotoxin agents.
Keywords: sepsis; endotoxin; endotoxin antagonists; lipid A; chitosan; carrageenan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Solov'eva, T.; Davydova, V.; Krasikova, I.; Yermak, I. Marine Compounds with Therapeutic Potential in Gram-Negative Sepsis. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 2216-2229.

AMA Style

Solov'eva T, Davydova V, Krasikova I, Yermak I. Marine Compounds with Therapeutic Potential in Gram-Negative Sepsis. Marine Drugs. 2013; 11(6):2216-2229.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Solov'eva, Tamara; Davydova, Viktoria; Krasikova, Inna; Yermak, Irina. 2013. "Marine Compounds with Therapeutic Potential in Gram-Negative Sepsis." Mar. Drugs 11, no. 6: 2216-2229.

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