Mar. Drugs 2013, 11(11), 4594-4611; doi:10.3390/md11114594
Review

Bioprospecting Marine Plankton

Received: 10 July 2013; in revised form: 6 September 2013 / Accepted: 9 October 2013 / Published: 14 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds from Marine Plankton)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The ocean dominates the surface of our planet and plays a major role in regulating the biosphere. For example, the microscopic photosynthetic organisms living within provide 50% of the oxygen we breathe, and much of our food and mineral resources are extracted from the ocean. In a time of ecological crisis and major changes in our society, it is essential to turn our attention towards the sea to find additional solutions for a sustainable future. Remarkably, while we are overexploiting many marine resources, particularly the fisheries, the planktonic compartment composed of zooplankton, phytoplankton, bacteria and viruses, represents 95% of marine biomass and yet the extent of its diversity remains largely unknown and underexploited. Consequently, the potential of plankton as a bioresource for humanity is largely untapped. Due to their diverse evolutionary backgrounds, planktonic organisms offer immense opportunities: new resources for medicine, cosmetics and food, renewable energy, and long-term solutions to mitigate climate change. Research programs aiming to exploit culture collections of marine micro-organisms as well as to prospect the huge resources of marine planktonic biodiversity in the oceans are now underway, and several bioactive extracts and purified compounds have already been identified. This review will survey and assess the current state-of-the-art and will propose methodologies to better exploit the potential of marine plankton for drug discovery and for dermocosmetics.
Keywords: bioprospecting; high-throughput screening; plankton natural product; marine natural product; biodiversity; molecule discovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abida, H.; Ruchaud, S.; Rios, L.; Humeau, A.; Probert, I.; De Vargas, C.; Bach, S.; Bowler, C. Bioprospecting Marine Plankton. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 4594-4611.

AMA Style

Abida H, Ruchaud S, Rios L, Humeau A, Probert I, De Vargas C, Bach S, Bowler C. Bioprospecting Marine Plankton. Marine Drugs. 2013; 11(11):4594-4611.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abida, Heni; Ruchaud, Sandrine; Rios, Laurent; Humeau, Anne; Probert, Ian; De Vargas, Colomban; Bach, Stéphane; Bowler, Chris. 2013. "Bioprospecting Marine Plankton." Mar. Drugs 11, no. 11: 4594-4611.

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