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Mar. Drugs 2012, 10(12), 2861-2892; doi:10.3390/md10122861
Review

Glycobiology of Reproductive Processes in Marine Animals: The State of the Art

 and *
Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Evolution, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Naples 80121, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2012 / Revised: 23 November 2012 / Accepted: 29 November 2012 / Published: 17 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Glycoconjugates)
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Abstract

Glycobiology is the study of complex carbohydrates in biological systems and represents a developing field of science that has made huge advances in the last half century. In fact, it combines all branches of biomedical research, revealing the vast and diverse forms of carbohydrate structures that exist in nature. Advances in structure determination have enabled scientists to study the function of complex carbohydrates in more depth and to determine the role that they play in a wide range of biological processes. Glycobiology research in marine systems has primarily focused on reproduction, in particular for what concern the chemical communication between the gametes. The current status of marine glycobiology is primarily descriptive, devoted to characterizing marine glycoconjugates with potential biomedical and biotechnological applications. In this review, we describe the current status of the glycobiology in the reproductive processes from gametogenesis to fertilization and embryo development of marine animals.
Keywords: embryo development; ferilization; glycobiology; oogeneesis; spermatogenesis embryo development; ferilization; glycobiology; oogeneesis; spermatogenesis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gallo, A.; Costantini, M. Glycobiology of Reproductive Processes in Marine Animals: The State of the Art. Mar. Drugs 2012, 10, 2861-2892.

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