Next Article in Journal
Resveratrol: An Antiaging Drug with Potential Therapeutic Applications in Treating Diseases
Next Article in Special Issue
Cobalt Complexes as Antiviral and Antibacterial Agents
Previous Article in Journal
Oxytocin: Old Hormone, New Drug
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Pharmaceuticals 2009, 2(3), 184-193; doi:10.3390/ph2030184

Effect of Different Metal Ions on the Biological Properties of Cefadroxil

Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of pharmacy, Al-Azhar, University, Assuit branch, Assuit, Egypt
Membrane Transport Group, Biozentrum, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Institute of Applied Dermatopharmacy, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Institute of Biology/Microbiology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2009 / Revised: 9 November 2009 / Accepted: 1 December 2009 / Published: 15 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anti-Infective Agents)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [174 KB, uploaded 15 December 2009]   |  


The effect of different metal ions on the intestinal transport and the antibacterial activity of cefadroxil [(6R,7R)-7-{[(2R)-2-amino-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetyl]amino}-3-methyl-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid] was investigated. The [14C]Gly-Sar uptake via PEPT1 was inhibited by Zn2+ and Cu2+ treatment in a concentration-dependent manner (Ki values 107 ± 23 and 19 ± 5 μM, respectively). Kinetic analysis showed that the Kt of Gly-Sar uptake was increased 2-fold in the presence of zinc sulphate (150 μM) whereas the Vmax value were not affected suggesting that zinc ions inhibited Gly-Sar uptake by PEPT1 in a competitively manner. Ni2+ exhibited moderate inhibitory effect, whereas Co2+, Mg2+, Al3+ ions showed no inhibitory effect on Gly-Sar uptake via PEPT1. Subsequently, we examined the effect of Zn2+ and Al3+ ions on the transepithelial transport of cefadroxil across Caco-2 cells cultured on permeable supports. The results showed that zinc ions inhibited the transepithelial flux of cefadroxil at Caco-2 cell monolayers while Al3+ ions had no effect. The interaction of cephalosporins with the metal ions could suggest negative effects of some metal ions on the clinical aspects of small intestinal peptide and drug transport. Finally, the effect of Zn2+, Cu2+ and Al3+ ions on the antibacterial activity of cefadroxil was tested. It was found that there is no significant difference between the activity of cefadroxil and the cefadroxil metal ion complexes studied against the investigated sensitive bacterial species.
Keywords: cefadroxil; metal ions; Caco-2; transepithelial flux; antibacterial activity cefadroxil; metal ions; Caco-2; transepithelial flux; antibacterial activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Auda, S.H.; Knütter, I.; Bretschneider, B.; Brandsch, M.; Mrestani, Y.; Große, C.; Neubert, R.H.H. Effect of Different Metal Ions on the Biological Properties of Cefadroxil. Pharmaceuticals 2009, 2, 184-193.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Pharmaceuticals EISSN 1424-8247 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top