Sensors 2009, 9(5), 4005-4021; doi:10.3390/s90504005
Article

Guided Wave and Damage Detection in Composite Laminates Using Different Fiber Optic Sensors

Department of Systems Innovation, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 April 2009; in revised form: 18 May 2009 / Accepted: 21 May 2009 / Published: 25 May 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Japan)
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Abstract: Guided wave detection using different fiber optic sensors and their applications in damage detection for composite laminates were systematically investigated and compared in this paper. Two types of fiber optic sensors, namely fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) and Doppler effect-based fiber optic (FOD) sensors, were addressed and guided wave detection systems were constructed for both types. Guided waves generated by a piezoelectric transducer were propagated through a quasi-isotropic carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) laminate and acquired by these fiber optic sensors. Characteristics of these fiber optic sensors in ultrasonic guided wave detection were systematically compared. Results demonstrated that both the FBG and FOD sensors can be applied in guided wave and damage detection for the CFRP laminates. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of guided wave signal captured by an FOD sensor is relatively high in comparison with that of the FBG sensor because of their different physical principles in ultrasonic detection. Further, the FOD sensor is sensitive to the damage-induced fundamental shear horizontal (SH0) guided wave that, however, cannot be detected by using the FBG sensor, because the FOD sensor is omnidirectional in ultrasound detection and, in contrast, the FBG sensor is severely direction dependent.
Keywords: fiber Bragg grating; Doppler effect-based fiber optic sensor; guided wave; composite laminate; damage detection

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, F.; Murayama, H.; Kageyama, K.; Shirai, T. Guided Wave and Damage Detection in Composite Laminates Using Different Fiber Optic Sensors. Sensors 2009, 9, 4005-4021.

AMA Style

Li F, Murayama H, Kageyama K, Shirai T. Guided Wave and Damage Detection in Composite Laminates Using Different Fiber Optic Sensors. Sensors. 2009; 9(5):4005-4021.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Fucai; Murayama, Hideaki; Kageyama, Kazuro; Shirai, Takehiro. 2009. "Guided Wave and Damage Detection in Composite Laminates Using Different Fiber Optic Sensors." Sensors 9, no. 5: 4005-4021.

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