Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Use of Human Senses as Sensors
Department of Health Science, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Hiroshima 734-8558, Japan
Division of Titanium Oxide Products, Ohno Sekiyu Co. Ltd., Hiroshima 730-0005, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 January 2009; in revised form: 14 April 2009 / Accepted: 27 April 2009 / Published: 27 April 2009
Abstract: This paper is an overview of our recent findings obtained by the use of human senses as sensors, suggesting that human senses might be indispensable sensors, not only for practical uses but also for gaining a deeper understanding of humans. From this point of view, two kinds of studies, both based on semantic responses of participants, deserve emphasis. One study assessed the efficacy of the photocatalytic elimination of stains or bio-aerosols from an air environment using TiO2 as well as the photocatalytic deodorizing efficacy of a TiO2-type deodorizer; the other study evaluated the changes in perception of a given aroma while inhaling the fragrance of essential oils. In the latter study, we employed a sensory test for evaluating changes in perception of a given aroma. Sensory tests were conducted twice, when participants were undergoing the Kraepelin mental performance test (mental arithmetic) or an auditory task (listening to environmental natural sounds), once before the task (pre-task) and once after the task (post-task). The perception of fragrance was assessed by 13 contrasting pairs of adjectives as a function of the task assigned to participants. The obtained findings illustrate subtle nuances regarding how essential oils manifest their potency and how olfactory discrimination and responses occur in humans.
Keywords: Human senses; sensory evaluation; photocatalytic efficacy of TiO2; potency of essential oils
Article StatisticsClick here to load and display the download statistics.
Notes: Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Sugawara, Y.; Sugimoto, C.; Minabe, S.; Iura, Y.; Okazaki, M.; Nakagawa, N.; Seto, M.; Maruyama, S.; Hirano, M.; Kitayama, I. Use of Human Senses as Sensors. Sensors 2009, 9, 3184-3204.
Sugawara Y, Sugimoto C, Minabe S, Iura Y, Okazaki M, Nakagawa N, Seto M, Maruyama S, Hirano M, Kitayama I. Use of Human Senses as Sensors. Sensors. 2009; 9(5):3184-3204.
Sugawara, Yoshiaki; Sugimoto, Chie; Minabe, Sachiko; Iura, Yoshie; Okazaki, Mai; Nakagawa, Natuki; Seto, Miwa; Maruyama, Saki; Hirano, Miki; Kitayama, Ichiro. 2009. "Use of Human Senses as Sensors." Sensors 9, no. 5: 3184-3204.