Sensors 2009, 9(3), 2117-2133; doi:10.3390/s90302117
Article

Metabolic Discrimination of Select List Agents by Monitoring Cellular Responses in a Multianalyte Microphysiometer

1 Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B. Nashville, TN 37235, USA 2 Vanderbilt Institute for Integrative Biosystems Research and Education, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B. Nashville, TN 37235. USA 3 Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010. USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 January 2009; in revised form: 15 March 2009 / Accepted: 17 March 2009 / Published: 23 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toxin Sensors)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [248 KB, uploaded 23 March 2009 09:38 CET]
Abstract: Harnessing the potential of cells as complex biosensors promises the potential to create sensitive and selective detectors for discrimination of biodefense agents. Here we present toxin detection and suggest discrimination using cells in a multianalyte microphysiometer (MMP) that is capable of simultaneously measuring flux changes in four extracellular analytes (acidification rate, glucose uptake, oxygen uptake, and lactate production) in real-time. Differential short-term cellular responses were observed between botulinum neurotoxin A and ricin toxin with neuroblastoma cells, alamethicin and anthrax protective antigen with RAW macrophages, and cholera toxin, muscarine, 2,4-dinitro-phenol, and NaF with CHO cells. These results and the post exposure dynamics and metabolic recovery observed in each case suggest the usefulness of cell-based detectors to discriminate between specific analytes and classes of compounds in a complex matrix, and furthermore to make metabolic inferences on the cellular effects of the agents. This may be particularly valuable for classifying unknown toxins.
Keywords: toxin; biotoxin; biosensors; microphysiometry

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Eklund, S.E.; Thompson, R.G.; Snider, R.M.; Carney, C.K.; Wright, D.W.; Wikswo, J.; Cliffel, D.E. Metabolic Discrimination of Select List Agents by Monitoring Cellular Responses in a Multianalyte Microphysiometer. Sensors 2009, 9, 2117-2133.

AMA Style

Eklund SE, Thompson RG, Snider RM, Carney CK, Wright DW, Wikswo J, Cliffel DE. Metabolic Discrimination of Select List Agents by Monitoring Cellular Responses in a Multianalyte Microphysiometer. Sensors. 2009; 9(3):2117-2133.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eklund, Sven E.; Thompson, Roy G.; Snider, Rachel M.; Carney, Clare K.; Wright, David W.; Wikswo, John; Cliffel, David E. 2009. "Metabolic Discrimination of Select List Agents by Monitoring Cellular Responses in a Multianalyte Microphysiometer." Sensors 9, no. 3: 2117-2133.

Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert