Sensors 2008, 8(3), 1475-1487; doi:10.3390/s8031475
Article

Three-Dimensional Transport Modeling for Proton Exchange Membrane(PEM) Fuel Cell with Micro Parallel Flow Field

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Incheon, 177 Dohwa –Dong , Nam-Gu, Incheon, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2008; Accepted: 27 February 2008 / Published: 3 March 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling, Testing and Reliability Issues in MEMS Engineering)
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Abstract: Modeling and simulation for heat and mass transport in micro channel are beingused extensively in researches and industrial applications to gain better understanding of thefundamental processes and to optimize fuel cell designs before building a prototype forengineering application. In this study, we used a single-phase, fully three dimensionalsimulation model for PEMFC that can deal with both anode and cathode flow field forexamining the micro flow channel with electrochemical reaction. The results show thathydrogen and oxygen were solely supplied to the membrane by diffusion mechanism ratherthan convection transport, and the higher pressure drop at cathode side is thought to becaused by higher flow rate of oxygen at cathode. And it is found that the amount of water incathode channel was determined by water formation due to electrochemical reaction pluselectro-osmotic mass flux directing toward the cathode side. And it is very important tomodel the back diffusion and electro-osmotic mass flux accurately since the two flux wasclosely correlated each other and greatly influenced for determination of ionic conductivityof the membrane which directly affects the performance of fuel cell.
Keywords: Micro flow channel; Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell; Anode; Cathode; Electrochemical Reaction; Ion conductivity; Electro-osmotic drag.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, P.H.; Han, S.S.; Hwang, S.S. Three-Dimensional Transport Modeling for Proton Exchange Membrane(PEM) Fuel Cell with Micro Parallel Flow Field. Sensors 2008, 8, 1475-1487.

AMA Style

Lee PH, Han SS, Hwang SS. Three-Dimensional Transport Modeling for Proton Exchange Membrane(PEM) Fuel Cell with Micro Parallel Flow Field. Sensors. 2008; 8(3):1475-1487.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Pil H.; Han, Sang S.; Hwang, Sang S. 2008. "Three-Dimensional Transport Modeling for Proton Exchange Membrane(PEM) Fuel Cell with Micro Parallel Flow Field." Sensors 8, no. 3: 1475-1487.

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