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Sensors 2008, 8(2), 1252-1277; doi:10.3390/s8021252

Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar Water Heating Systems inTurkey

1
Department of Agricultural Machinery, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, 07070, Antalya, Turkey
2
Department of Agricultural Machinery, Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Agriculture,32260, Cunur, Isparta, Turkey.
3
Department of Environmental Engineering, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Engineering & Architecture, 14280, Bolu, Turkey.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2008 / Accepted: 19 February 2008 / Published: 25 February 2008
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Abstract

In this study, solar water heater was investigated using meteorological and geographical data of 129 sites over Turkey. Three different collector types were compared in terms of absorber material (copper, galvanized sheet and selective absorber). Energy requirement for water heating, collector performances, and economical indicators were calculated with formulations using observed data. Results showed that selective absorbers were most appropriate in terms of coverage rate of energy requirement for water-heating all over Turkey. The prices of selective, copper and galvanized absorber type’s heating systems in Turkey were 740.49, 615.69 and 490.89 USD, respectively. While payback periods (PBPs) of the galvanized absorber were lower, net present values (NPVs) of the selective absorber were higher than the rest. Copper absorber type collectors did not appear to be appropriate based on economical indicators.
Keywords: Solar energy; Solar water heater; Energy conservation. Solar energy; Solar water heater; Energy conservation.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ertekin, C.; Kulcu, R.; Evrendilek, F. Techno-Economic Analysis of Solar Water Heating Systems inTurkey. Sensors 2008, 8, 1252-1277.

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