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Study of Copper and Purine-Copper Complexes on Modified Carbon Electrodes by Cyclic and Elimination Voltammetry
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlarska 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
Institute of Biophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Kralovopolska 135, Brno 612 65, Czech Republic
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2007 / Accepted: 15 January 2008 / Published: 24 January 2008
Abstract: Using a paraffin impregnated graphite electrode (PIGE) and mercury-modifiedpyrolytic graphite electrode with basal orientation (Hg-PGEb) copper(II) and Cu(II)-DNApurine base solutions have been studied by cyclic (CV) and linear sweep voltammetry(LSV) in connection with elimination voltammetry with linear scan (EVLS). In chlorideand bromide solutions (pH 6), the redox process of Cu(II) proceeded on PIGE with twocathodic and two anodic potentially separated signals. According to the eliminationfunction E4, the first cathodic peak corresponds to the reduction Cu(II) e- → Cu(I) withthe possibility of fast disproportionation 2Cu(I) → Cu(II) Cu(0). The E4 of the secondcathodic peak signalized an electrode process controlled by a surface reaction. Theelectrode system of Cu(II) on Hg-PGEb in borate buffer (pH 9.2) was characterized by onecathodic and one anodic peak. Anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) on PIGE and cathodicstripping voltammetry (CSV) on Hg-PGEb were carried out at potentials where thereduction of copper ions took place and Cu(I)-purine complexes were formed. By usingASV and CSV in combination with EVLS, the sensitivity of Cu(I)-purine complexdetection was enhanced relative to either ASV or CSV alone, resulting in higher peakcurrents of more than one order of magnitude. The statistical treatment of CE data wasused to determine the reproducibility of measurements. Our results show that EVLS inconnection with the stripping procedure is useful for both qualitative and quantitativemicroanalysis of purine derivatives and can also reveal details of studied electrodeprocesses.
Keywords: Copper-purine complexes; Paraffin-impregnated graphite electrode; Mercuryfilm electrode; Anodic and cathodic stripping techniques; Elimination voltammetry; Confidence ellipse
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Trnkova, L.; Zerzankova, L.; Dycka, F.; Mikelova, R.; Jelen, F. Study of Copper and Purine-Copper Complexes on Modified Carbon Electrodes by Cyclic and Elimination Voltammetry. Sensors 2008, 8, 429-444.
Trnkova L, Zerzankova L, Dycka F, Mikelova R, Jelen F. Study of Copper and Purine-Copper Complexes on Modified Carbon Electrodes by Cyclic and Elimination Voltammetry. Sensors. 2008; 8(1):429-444.
Trnkova, Libuse; Zerzankova, Lenka; Dycka, Filip; Mikelova, Radka; Jelen, Frantisek. 2008. "Study of Copper and Purine-Copper Complexes on Modified Carbon Electrodes by Cyclic and Elimination Voltammetry." Sensors 8, no. 1: 429-444.