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Sensors 2008, 8(1), 290-313; doi:10.3390/s8010290
Review

A Review on the Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors Composed of Nanowires as Sensing Material

 and *
Received: 29 December 2007; Accepted: 14 January 2008 / Published: 21 January 2008
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Abstract: The development and application of nanowires for electrochemical sensors and biosensors are reviewed in this article. Next generation sensor platforms will require significant improvements in sensitivity, specificity and parallelism in order to meet the future needs in variety of fields. Sensors made of nanowires exploit some fundamental nanoscopic effect in order to meet these requirements. Nanowires are new materials, which have the characteristic of low weight with extraordinary mechanical, electrical, thermal and multifunctional properties. The advantages such as size scale, aspect ratio and other properties of nanowires are especially apparent in the use of electrical sensors such as electrochemical sensors and in the use of field-effect transistors. The preparation methods of nanowires and their properties are discussed along with their advantages towards electrochemical sensors and biosensors. Some key results from each article are summarized, relating the concept and mechanism behind each sensor, with experimental conditions as well as their behavior at different conditions.
Keywords: Nanowires; sensors; electrochemical sensors; biosensors; nanotechnology; nano; electroanalysis Nanowires; sensors; electrochemical sensors; biosensors; nanotechnology; nano; electroanalysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yogeswaran, U.; Chen, S.-M. A Review on the Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors Composed of Nanowires as Sensing Material. Sensors 2008, 8, 290-313.

AMA Style

Yogeswaran U, Chen S-M. A Review on the Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors Composed of Nanowires as Sensing Material. Sensors. 2008; 8(1):290-313.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yogeswaran, Umasankar; Chen, Shen-Ming. 2008. "A Review on the Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors Composed of Nanowires as Sensing Material." Sensors 8, no. 1: 290-313.


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