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Application of Design of Experiment Method for Thrust Force Minimization in Step-feed Micro Drilling
Division of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Incheon, Incheon 402-749, Korea
Nano-Mechanisms Groups, KIMM, Daejeon 305-343, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2007; Accepted: 8 January 2008 / Published: 21 January 2008
Abstract: Micro drilled holes are utilized in many of today’s fabrication processes.Precision production processes in industries are trending toward the use of smaller holeswith higher aspect ratios, and higher speed operation for micro deep hole drilling. However,undesirable characteristics related to micro drilling such as small signal-to-noise ratios,wandering drill motion, high aspect ratio, and excessive cutting forces can be observedwhen cutting depth increases. In this study, the authors attempt to minimize the thrustforces in the step-feed micro drilling process by application of the DOE (Design ofExperiment) method. Taking into account the drilling thrust, three cutting parameters,feedrate, step-feed, and cutting speed, are optimized based on the DOE method. Forexperimental studies, an orthogonal array L27(313) is generated and ANOVA (Analysis ofVariance) is carried out. Based on the results it is determined that the sequence of factorsaffecting drilling thrusts corresponds to feedrate, step-feed, and spindle rpm. Acombination of optimal drilling conditions is also identified. In particular, it is found in thisstudy that the feedrate is the most important factor for micro drilling thrust minimization.
Keywords: Step-feed micro drilling process; Thrust force; Cutting condition optimization; DOE (Design of Experiment); ANOVA (Analysis of Variance).
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kim, D.-W.; Cho, M.-W.; Seo, T.-I.; Lee, E.-S. Application of Design of Experiment Method for Thrust Force Minimization in Step-feed Micro Drilling. Sensors 2008, 8, 211-221.
Kim D-W, Cho M-W, Seo T-I, Lee E-S. Application of Design of Experiment Method for Thrust Force Minimization in Step-feed Micro Drilling. Sensors. 2008; 8(1):211-221.
Kim, Dong-Woo; Cho, Myeong-Woo; Seo, Tae-il; Lee, Eung-Sug. 2008. "Application of Design of Experiment Method for Thrust Force Minimization in Step-feed Micro Drilling." Sensors 8, no. 1: 211-221.