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Effect of Electrical Contact on the Contact Residual Stress of a Microrelay Switch
AbstractThis paper investigates the effect of electrical contact on the thermal contactstress of a microrelay switch. A three-dimensional elastic-plastic finite element model withcontact elements is used to simulate the contact behavior between the microcantilever beamand the electrode. A model with thermal-electrical coupling and thermal-stress coupling isused in the finite element analysis. The effects of contact gap, plating film thickness andnumber of switching cycles on the contact residual stress, contact force, plastic deformation,and temperature rise of the microrelay switch are explored. The numerical results indicatethat the residual stress increases with increasing contact gap or decreasing plating filmthickness. The results also show that the residual stress increases as the number of switchingcycles increases. A large residual stress inside the microcantilever beam can decrease thelifecycle of the microrelay.
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Chen, Y.-C.; Tsai, H.-H.; Lu, W.-H.; Chen, L.-W. Effect of Electrical Contact on the Contact Residual Stress of a Microrelay Switch. Sensors 2007, 7, 2997-3011.View more citation formats
Chen Y-C, Tsai H-H, Lu W-H, Chen L-W. Effect of Electrical Contact on the Contact Residual Stress of a Microrelay Switch. Sensors. 2007; 7(11):2997-3011.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Yung-Chuan; Tsai, Hsun-Heng; Lu, Wei-Hua; Chen, Li-Wen. 2007. "Effect of Electrical Contact on the Contact Residual Stress of a Microrelay Switch." Sensors 7, no. 11: 2997-3011.