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Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1213; doi:10.3390/s17061213

LOCALI: Calibration-Free Systematic Localization Approach for Indoor Positioning

Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea
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Academic Editors: Jesús Ureña, Álvaro Hernández Alonso and Juan Jesús García Domínguez
Received: 15 March 2017 / Revised: 20 May 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2017 / Published: 25 May 2017
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Abstract

Recent advancements in indoor positioning systems are based on infrastructure-free solutions, aimed at improving the location accuracy in complex indoor environments without the use of specialized resources. A popular infrastructure-free solution for indoor positioning is a calibration-based positioning, commonly known as fingerprinting. Fingerprinting solutions require extensive and error-free surveys of environments to build radio-map databases, which play a key role in position estimation. Fingerprinting also requires random updates of the database, when there are significant changes in the environment or a decrease in the accuracy. The calibration of the fingerprinting database is a time-consuming and laborious effort that prevents the extensive adoption of this technique. In this paper, we present a systematic LOCALIzation approach, “LOCALI”, for indoor positioning, which does not require a calibration database and extensive updates. The LOCALI exploits the floor plan/wall map of the environment to estimate the target position by generating radio maps by integrating path-losses over certain trajectories in complex indoor environments, where triangulation using time information or the received signal strength level is highly erroneous due to the fading effects caused by multi-path propagation or absorption by environmental elements or varying antenna alignment. Experimental results demonstrate that by using the map information and environmental parameters, a significant level of accuracy in indoor positioning can be achieved. Moreover, this process requires considerably lesser effort compared to the calibration-based techniques. View Full-Text
Keywords: indoor positioning; IPS; ILBS; calibration free; localization; fingerprinting indoor positioning; IPS; ILBS; calibration free; localization; fingerprinting
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Ali, M.U.; Hur, S.; Park, Y. LOCALI: Calibration-Free Systematic Localization Approach for Indoor Positioning. Sensors 2017, 17, 1213.

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