A Novel Real-Time Reference Key Frame Scan Matching Method
AbstractUnmanned aerial vehicles represent an effective technology for indoor search and rescue operations. Typically, most indoor missions’ environments would be unknown, unstructured, and/or dynamic. Navigation of UAVs in such environments is addressed by simultaneous localization and mapping approach using either local or global approaches. Both approaches suffer from accumulated errors and high processing time due to the iterative nature of the scan matching method. Moreover, point-to-point scan matching is prone to outlier association processes. This paper proposes a low-cost novel method for 2D real-time scan matching based on a reference key frame (RKF). RKF is a hybrid scan matching technique comprised of feature-to-feature and point-to-point approaches. This algorithm aims at mitigating errors accumulation using the key frame technique, which is inspired from video streaming broadcast process. The algorithm depends on the iterative closest point algorithm during the lack of linear features which is typically exhibited in unstructured environments. The algorithm switches back to the RKF once linear features are detected. To validate and evaluate the algorithm, the mapping performance and time consumption are compared with various algorithms in static and dynamic environments. The performance of the algorithm exhibits promising navigational, mapping results and very short computational time, that indicates the potential use of the new algorithm with real-time systems. View Full-Text
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Mohamed, H.; Moussa, A.; Elhabiby, M.; El-Sheimy, N.; Sesay, A. A Novel Real-Time Reference Key Frame Scan Matching Method. Sensors 2017, 17, 1060.
Mohamed H, Moussa A, Elhabiby M, El-Sheimy N, Sesay A. A Novel Real-Time Reference Key Frame Scan Matching Method. Sensors. 2017; 17(5):1060.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mohamed, Haytham; Moussa, Adel; Elhabiby, Mohamed; El-Sheimy, Naser; Sesay, Abu. 2017. "A Novel Real-Time Reference Key Frame Scan Matching Method." Sensors 17, no. 5: 1060.
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