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Sensors 2016, 16(7), 954; doi:10.3390/s16070954

A Method of Data Aggregation for Wearable Sensor Systems

School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Key Laboratory of Communication and Information Systems, Beijing Municipal Commission of Education, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 26 April 2016 / Revised: 6 June 2016 / Accepted: 21 June 2016 / Published: 23 June 2016
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Abstract

Data aggregation has been considered as an effective way to decrease the data to be transferred in sensor networks. Particularly for wearable sensor systems, smaller battery has less energy, which makes energy conservation in data transmission more important. Nevertheless, wearable sensor systems usually have features like frequently dynamic changes of topologies and data over a large range, of which current aggregating methods can’t adapt to the demand. In this paper, we study the system composed of many wearable devices with sensors, such as the network of a tactical unit, and introduce an energy consumption-balanced method of data aggregation, named LDA-RT. In the proposed method, we develop a query algorithm based on the idea of ‘happened-before’ to construct a dynamic and energy-balancing routing tree. We also present a distributed data aggregating and sorting algorithm to execute top-k query and decrease the data that must be transferred among wearable devices. Combining these algorithms, LDA-RT tries to balance the energy consumptions for prolonging the lifetime of wearable sensor systems. Results of evaluation indicate that LDA-RT performs well in constructing routing trees and energy balances. It also outperforms the filter-based top-k monitoring approach in energy consumption, load balance, and the network’s lifetime, especially for highly dynamic data sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable sensor systems; data query; routing tree; data aggregation wearable sensor systems; data query; routing tree; data aggregation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Shen, B.; Fu, J.-S. A Method of Data Aggregation for Wearable Sensor Systems. Sensors 2016, 16, 954.

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