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Sensors 2016, 16(7), 1146; doi:10.3390/s16071146

Vibration Sensitivity Reduction of Micromachined Tuning Fork Gyroscopes through Stiffness Match Method with Negative Electrostatic Spring Effect

1
State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
School of Mechatronical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Received: 15 June 2016 / Revised: 19 July 2016 / Accepted: 19 July 2016 / Published: 22 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5575 KB, uploaded 22 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, a stiffness match method is proposed to reduce the vibration sensitivity of micromachined tuning fork gyroscopes. Taking advantage of the coordinate transformation method, a theoretical model is established to analyze the anti-phase vibration output caused by the stiffness mismatch due to the fabrication imperfections. The analytical solutions demonstrate that the stiffness mismatch is proportional to the output induced by the external linear vibration from the sense direction in the anti-phase mode frequency. In order to verify the proposed stiffness match method, a tuning fork gyroscope (TFG) with the stiffness match electrodes is designed and implemented using the micromachining technology and the experimental study is carried out. The experimental tests illustrate that the vibration output can be reduced by 73.8% through the stiffness match method than the structure without the stiffness match. Therefore, the proposed stiffness match method is experimentally validated to be applicable to vibration sensitivity reduction in the Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems (MEMS) tuning fork gyroscopes without sacrificing the scale factor. View Full-Text
Keywords: vibration sensitivity; micromachined tuning fork gyroscopes; coordinate transformation method; stiffness match method; negative electrostatic spring effect vibration sensitivity; micromachined tuning fork gyroscopes; coordinate transformation method; stiffness match method; negative electrostatic spring effect
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, Y.; Gao, S.; Liu, H.; Jin, L.; Zhang, Y. Vibration Sensitivity Reduction of Micromachined Tuning Fork Gyroscopes through Stiffness Match Method with Negative Electrostatic Spring Effect. Sensors 2016, 16, 1146.

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