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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 2130; doi:10.3390/s16122130

Contactless Measurement of Magnetic Nanoparticles on Lateral Flow Strips Using Tunneling Magnetoresistance (TMR) Sensors in Differential Configuration

1,2,* , 1,2,* , 1,2
and
1,2
1
Department of Instrument Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Shanghai Engineering Research Center for Intelligent Diagnosis and Treatment Instrument, Shanghai 200240, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vamsy P. Chodavarapu
Received: 7 October 2016 / Revised: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 12 December 2016 / Published: 14 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2115 KB, uploaded 14 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are commonly used in biomedical detection due to their capability to bind with some specific antibodies. Quantification of biological entities could be realized by measuring the magnetic response of MNPs after the binding process. This paper presents a contactless scanning prototype based on tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) sensors for quantification of MNPs present in lateral flow strips (LFSs). The sensing unit of the prototype composes of two active TMR elements, which are parallel and closely arranged to form a differential sensing configuration in a perpendicular magnetic field. Geometrical parameters of the configuration are optimized according to theoretical analysis of the stray magnetic field produced by the test line (T-line) while strips being scanned. A brief description of our prototype and the sample preparation is presented. Experimental results show that the prototype exhibits the performance of high sensitivity and strong anti-interference ability. Meanwhile, the detection speed has been improved compared with existing similar techniques. The proposed prototype demonstrates a good sensitivity for detecting samples containing human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) at a concentration of 25 mIU/mL. The T-line produced by the sample with low concentration is almost beyond the visual limit and produces a maximum stray magnetic field some 0.247 mOe at the sensor in the x direction. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles; tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) sensor; differential sensing; lateral flow strip (LFS); magnetic biosensor magnetic nanoparticles; tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) sensor; differential sensing; lateral flow strip (LFS); magnetic biosensor
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lei, H.; Wang, K.; Ji, X.; Cui, D. Contactless Measurement of Magnetic Nanoparticles on Lateral Flow Strips Using Tunneling Magnetoresistance (TMR) Sensors in Differential Configuration. Sensors 2016, 16, 2130.

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