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Sensors 2015, 15(2), 4242-4252; doi:10.3390/s150204242

Ionizing Radiation Detectors Based on Ge-Doped Optical Fibers Inserted in Resonant Cavities

1
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), via Campi Flegrei 34—Comprensorio A. Olivetti, 80078 Pozzuoli (Na), Italy
2
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, via Tommaso De Amicis 95, 80131 Napoli, Italy
3
Università di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche Avanzate, via Pansini 5, 80131 Napoli, Italy
4
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), Largo Enrico Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2014 / Revised: 9 December 2014 / Accepted: 5 February 2015 / Published: 12 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Optical Biosensors)
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Abstract

The measurement of ionizing radiation (IR) is a crucial issue in different areas of interest, from environmental safety and industrial monitoring to aerospace and medicine. Optical fiber sensors have recently proven good candidates as radiation dosimeters. Here we investigate the effect of IR on germanosilicate optical fibers. A piece of Ge-doped fiber enclosed between two fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) is irradiated with gamma radiation generated by a 6 MV medical linear accelerator. With respect to other FBG-based IR dosimeters, here the sensor is only the bare fiber without any special internal structure. A near infrared laser is frequency locked to the cavity modes for high resolution measurement of radiation induced effects on the fiber optical parameters. In particular, we observe a variation of the fiber thermo-optic response with the radiation dose delivered, as expected from the interaction with Ge defect centers, and demonstrate a detection limit of 360 mGy. This method can have an impact in those contexts where low radiation doses have to be measured both in small volumes or over large areas, such as radiation therapy and radiation protection, while bare optical fibers are cheap and disposable. View Full-Text
Keywords: ionizing radiation; optical fiber sensors; optical resonators; optical materials ionizing radiation; optical fiber sensors; optical resonators; optical materials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Avino, S.; D'Avino, V.; Giorgini, A.; Pacelli, R.; Liuzzi, R.; Cella, L.; De Natale, P.; Gagliardi, G. Ionizing Radiation Detectors Based on Ge-Doped Optical Fibers Inserted in Resonant Cavities. Sensors 2015, 15, 4242-4252.

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