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Sensors 2015, 15(2), 3236-3261; doi:10.3390/s150203236

Wireless Integrated Biosensors for Point-of-Care Diagnostic Applications

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON M3J1P3, Canada
Received: 28 October 2014 / Accepted: 3 December 2014 / Published: 2 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Miniaturized Wireless Biosensors)
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Abstract

Recent advances in integrated biosensors, wireless communication and power harvesting techniques are enticing researchers into spawning a new breed of point-of-care (POC) diagnostic devices that have attracted significant interest from industry. Among these, it is the ones equipped with wireless capabilities that drew our attention in this review paper. Indeed, wireless POC devices offer a great advantage, that of the possibility of exerting continuous monitoring of biologically relevant parameters, metabolites and other bio-molecules, relevant to the management of various morbid diseases such as diabetes, brain cancer, ischemia, and Alzheimer’s. In this review paper, we examine three major categories of miniaturized integrated devices, namely; the implantable Wireless Bio-Sensors (WBSs), the wearable WBSs and the handheld WBSs. In practice, despite the aforesaid progress made in developing wireless platforms, early detection of health imbalances remains a grand challenge from both the technological and the medical points of view. This paper addresses such challenges and reports the state-of-the-art in this interdisciplinary field. View Full-Text
Keywords: CMOS; point-of-care (POC); wireless biosensors (WBS); integrated electrochemical sensors CMOS; point-of-care (POC); wireless biosensors (WBS); integrated electrochemical sensors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ghafar-Zadeh, E. Wireless Integrated Biosensors for Point-of-Care Diagnostic Applications. Sensors 2015, 15, 3236-3261.

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