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Sensors 2015, 15(11), 28574-28591;

Development of an Automatic Identification System Autonomous Positioning System

Information Science and Technology College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Assefa M. Melesse
Received: 28 August 2015 / Accepted: 5 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2422 KB, uploaded 11 November 2015]   |  


In order to overcome the vulnerability of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) and provide robust position, navigation and time (PNT) information in marine navigation, the autonomous positioning system based on ranging-mode Automatic Identification System (AIS) is presented in the paper. The principle of the AIS autonomous positioning system (AAPS) is investigated, including the position algorithm, the signal measurement technique, the geometric dilution of precision, the time synchronization technique and the additional secondary factor correction technique. In order to validate the proposed AAPS, a verification system has been established in the Xinghai sea region of Dalian (China). Static and dynamic positioning experiments are performed. The original function of the AIS in the AAPS is not influenced. The experimental results show that the positioning precision of the AAPS is better than 10 m in the area with good geometric dilution of precision (GDOP) by the additional secondary factor correction technology. This is the most economical solution for a land-based positioning system to complement the GNSS for the navigation safety of vessels sailing along coasts. View Full-Text
Keywords: positioning system; automatic identification system (AIS); ranging-mode; additional secondary factor (ASF) positioning system; automatic identification system (AIS); ranging-mode; additional secondary factor (ASF)

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Hu, Q.; Jiang, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, X.; Zhang, S. Development of an Automatic Identification System Autonomous Positioning System. Sensors 2015, 15, 28574-28591.

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