The Node Deployment of Intelligent Sensor Networks Based on the Spatial Difference of Farmland Soil
AbstractConsidering that agricultural production is characterized by vast areas, scattered fields and long crop growth cycles, intelligent wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are suitable for monitoring crop growth information. Cost and coverage are the most key indexes for WSN applications. The differences in crop conditions are influenced by the spatial distribution of soil nutrients. If the nutrients are distributed evenly, the crop conditions are expected to be approximately uniform with little difference; on the contrary, there will be great differences in crop conditions. In accordance with the differences in the spatial distribution of soil information in farmland, fuzzy c-means clustering was applied to divide the farmland into several areas, where the soil fertility of each area is nearly uniform. Then the crop growth information in the area could be monitored with complete coverage by deploying a sensor node there, which could greatly decrease the deployed sensor nodes. Moreover, in order to accurately judge the optimal cluster number of fuzzy c-means clustering, a discriminant function for Normalized Intra-Cluster Coefficient of Variation (NICCV) was established. The sensitivity analysis indicates that NICCV is insensitive to the fuzzy weighting exponent, but it shows a strong sensitivity to the number of clusters. View Full-Text
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Liu, N.; Cao, W.; Zhu, Y.; Zhang, J.; Pang, F.; Ni, J. The Node Deployment of Intelligent Sensor Networks Based on the Spatial Difference of Farmland Soil. Sensors 2015, 15, 28314-28339.
Liu N, Cao W, Zhu Y, Zhang J, Pang F, Ni J. The Node Deployment of Intelligent Sensor Networks Based on the Spatial Difference of Farmland Soil. Sensors. 2015; 15(11):28314-28339.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Naisen; Cao, Weixing; Zhu, Yan; Zhang, Jingchao; Pang, Fangrong; Ni, Jun. 2015. "The Node Deployment of Intelligent Sensor Networks Based on the Spatial Difference of Farmland Soil." Sensors 15, no. 11: 28314-28339.