An Improved Algorithm to Generate a Wi-Fi Fingerprint Database for Indoor Positioning
AbstractThe major problem of Wi-Fi fingerprint-based positioning technology is the signal strength fingerprint database creation and maintenance. The significant temporal variation of received signal strength (RSS) is the main factor responsible for the positioning error. A probabilistic approach can be used, but the RSS distribution is required. The Gaussian distribution or an empirically-derived distribution (histogram) is typically used. However, these distributions are either not always correct or require a large amount of data for each reference point. Double peaks of the RSS distribution have been observed in experiments at some reference points. In this paper a new algorithm based on an improved double-peak Gaussian distribution is proposed. Kurtosis testing is used to decide if this new distribution, or the normal Gaussian distribution, should be applied. Test results show that the proposed algorithm can significantly improve the positioning accuracy, as well as reduce the workload of the off-line data training phase.
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Chen, L.; Li, B.; Zhao, K.; Rizos, C.; Zheng, Z. An Improved Algorithm to Generate a Wi-Fi Fingerprint Database for Indoor Positioning. Sensors 2013, 13, 11085-11096.
Chen L, Li B, Zhao K, Rizos C, Zheng Z. An Improved Algorithm to Generate a Wi-Fi Fingerprint Database for Indoor Positioning. Sensors. 2013; 13(8):11085-11096.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Lina; Li, Binghao; Zhao, Kai; Rizos, Chris; Zheng, Zhengqi. 2013. "An Improved Algorithm to Generate a Wi-Fi Fingerprint Database for Indoor Positioning." Sensors 13, no. 8: 11085-11096.