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Sensors 2013, 13(8), 11097-11113; doi:10.3390/s130811097
Article

Optical-Based Artificial Palpation Sensors for Lesion Characterization

1
, 2
, 1
 and 1,*
Received: 9 July 2013; in revised form: 2 August 2013 / Accepted: 5 August 2013 / Published: 21 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
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Abstract: Palpation techniques are widely used in medical procedures to detect the presence of lumps or tumors in the soft breast tissues. Since these procedures are very subjective and depend on the skills of the physician, it is imperative to perform detailed a scientific study in order to develop more efficient medical sensors to measure and generate palpation parameters. In this research, we propose an optical-based, artificial palpation sensor for lesion characterization. This has been developed using a multilayer polydimethylsiloxane optical waveguide. Light was generated at the critical angle to reflect totally within the flexible and transparent waveguide. When a waveguide was compressed by an external force, its contact area would deform and cause the light to scatter. The scattered light was captured by a high-resolution camera and saved as an image format. To test the performance of the proposed system, we used a realistic tissue phantom with embedded hard inclusions. The experimental results show that the proposed sensor can detect inclusions and provide the relative value of size, depth, and Young’s modulus of an inclusion.
Keywords: tumor detection; artificial palpation; lesion characterization; optical sensor; tactile sensor; young’s modulus tumor detection; artificial palpation; lesion characterization; optical sensor; tactile sensor; young’s modulus
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.-H.; Kim, Y.N.; Ku, J.; Park, H.-J. Optical-Based Artificial Palpation Sensors for Lesion Characterization. Sensors 2013, 13, 11097-11113.

AMA Style

Lee J-H, Kim YN, Ku J, Park H-J. Optical-Based Artificial Palpation Sensors for Lesion Characterization. Sensors. 2013; 13(8):11097-11113.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Jong-Ha; Kim, Yoon N.; Ku, Jeonghun; Park, Hee-Jun. 2013. "Optical-Based Artificial Palpation Sensors for Lesion Characterization." Sensors 13, no. 8: 11097-11113.



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