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Sensors 2013, 13(7), 8303-8330; doi:10.3390/s130708303
Article

Energy Consumption and Control Response Evaluations of AODV Routing in WSANs for Building-Temperature Control

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Received: 23 May 2013; in revised form: 12 June 2013 / Accepted: 18 June 2013 / Published: 27 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of routing protocols on wireless sensor and actuator networks (WSANs), focusing on the control system response and the energy consumption of nodes in a network. We demonstrate that routing algorithms designed without considering the relationship between communication and control cannot be appropriately used in wireless networked control applications. For this purpose, an ad-hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing, an IEEE 802.15.4, and a building-temperature control system are employed for this exploration. The findings from our scenarios show that the AODV routing can select a path with a high traffic load for data transmission. It takes a long time before deciding to change a new route although it experiences the unsuccessful transmission of packets. As a result, the desirable control target cannot be achieved in time, and nodes consume more energy due to frequent packet collisions and retransmissions. Consequently, we propose a simple routing solution to alleviate these research problems by modifying the original AODV routing protocol. The delay-threshold is considered to avoid any congested connection during routing procedures. The simulation results demonstrate that our solution can be appropriately applied in WSANs. Both the energy consumption and the control system response are improved.
Keywords: WSANs; routing; desirable control target; energy consumption; building temperature control system WSANs; routing; desirable control target; energy consumption; building temperature control system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Booranawong, A.; Teerapabkajorndet, W.; Limsakul, C. Energy Consumption and Control Response Evaluations of AODV Routing in WSANs for Building-Temperature Control. Sensors 2013, 13, 8303-8330.

AMA Style

Booranawong A, Teerapabkajorndet W, Limsakul C. Energy Consumption and Control Response Evaluations of AODV Routing in WSANs for Building-Temperature Control. Sensors. 2013; 13(7):8303-8330.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Booranawong, Apidet; Teerapabkajorndet, Wiklom; Limsakul, Chusak. 2013. "Energy Consumption and Control Response Evaluations of AODV Routing in WSANs for Building-Temperature Control." Sensors 13, no. 7: 8303-8330.



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