Abstract: In this paper, a reflective photonic crystal fiber (PCF) sensor probe for temperature measurement has been demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally. The performance of the device depends on the intensity modulation of the optical signal by liquid mixtures infiltrated into the air holes of commercial LMA-8 PCFs. The effective mode field area and the confinement loss of the probe are both proved highly temperature-dependent based on the finite element method (FEM). The experimental results show that the reflected power exhibits a linear response with a temperature sensitivity of about 1 dB/°C. The sensor probe presents a tunable temperature sensitive range due to the concentration of the mixture components. Further research illustrates that with appropriate mixtures of liquids, the probe could be developed as a cryogenic temperature sensor. The temperature sensitivity is about 0.75 dB/°C. Such a configuration is promising for a portable, low-power and all-in-fiber device for temperature or refractive index monitoring in chemical or biosensing applications.
Keywords: photonic crystal fiber; temperature sensor probe; liquid mixtures; finite element method; cryogenic temperature
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Wang, R.; Yao, J.; Miao, Y.; Lu, Y.; Xu, D.; Luan, N.; Musideke, M.; Duan, L.; Hao, C. A Reflective Photonic Crystal Fiber Temperature Sensor Probe Based on Infiltration with Liquid Mixtures. Sensors 2013, 13, 7916-7925.
Wang R, Yao J, Miao Y, Lu Y, Xu D, Luan N, Musideke M, Duan L, Hao C. A Reflective Photonic Crystal Fiber Temperature Sensor Probe Based on Infiltration with Liquid Mixtures. Sensors. 2013; 13(6):7916-7925.
Wang, Ran; Yao, Jianquan; Miao, Yinping; Lu, Ying; Xu, Degang; Luan, Nannan; Musideke, Mayilamu; Duan, Liangcheng; Hao, Congjing. 2013. "A Reflective Photonic Crystal Fiber Temperature Sensor Probe Based on Infiltration with Liquid Mixtures." Sensors 13, no. 6: 7916-7925.