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Low Temperature Sensing Properties of a Nano Hybrid Material Based on ZnO Nanotetrapods and Titanyl Phthalocyanine
Istituto dei Materiali per l' Elettronica ed il Magnetismo (IMEM), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Parco Area delle Scienze 37/A 43124 Parma, Italy
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Received: 22 January 2013; in revised form: 7 March 2013 / Accepted: 8 March 2013 / Published: 13 March 2013
Abstract: ZnO nanotetrapods have recently been exploited for the realization of high-sensitivity gas sensors, but they are affected by the typical drawbacks of metal-oxides, i.e., poor selectivity and a relatively high working temperature. On the other hand, it has been also demonstrated that the combined use of nanostructured metal oxides and organic molecules can improve the gas sensing performance sensitivity or selectivity, even at lower temperatures. A gas sensor device, based on films of interconnected ZnO nanotetrapods properly functionalized by titanyl phthalocyanine (TiOPc), has been realized in order to combine the high surface to volume ratio and structural stability of the crystalline ZnO nanostructures with the enhanced sensitivity of the semiconducting TiOPc molecule, especially at low temperature. The electronic properties of the resulting nanohybrid material are different from those of each single component. The response of the hybrid nanostructure towards different gases has been compared with that of ZnO nanotetrapod without functionalization in order to highlight the peculiar properties of the hybrid interaction(s). The dynamic response in time has been studied for different gases and temperatures; in particular, an increase in the response to NO2 has been observed, even at room temperature. The formation of localized p-n heterojunctions and the possibility of exchanging charge carriers at the hybrid interface is shown to be crucial for the sensing mechanism.
Keywords: gas sensor; ZnO nanostructures; phthalocyanine; NO2; room temperature
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Coppedè, N.; Villani, M.; Mosca, R.; Iannotta, S.; Zappettini, A.; Calestani, D. Low Temperature Sensing Properties of a Nano Hybrid Material Based on ZnO Nanotetrapods and Titanyl Phthalocyanine. Sensors 2013, 13, 3445-3453.
Coppedè N, Villani M, Mosca R, Iannotta S, Zappettini A, Calestani D. Low Temperature Sensing Properties of a Nano Hybrid Material Based on ZnO Nanotetrapods and Titanyl Phthalocyanine. Sensors. 2013; 13(3):3445-3453.
Coppedè, Nicola; Villani, Marco; Mosca, Roberto; Iannotta, Salvatore; Zappettini, Andrea; Calestani, Davide. 2013. "Low Temperature Sensing Properties of a Nano Hybrid Material Based on ZnO Nanotetrapods and Titanyl Phthalocyanine." Sensors 13, no. 3: 3445-3453.