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Hyperspectral Reflectance Imaging Technique for Visualization of Moisture Distribution in Cooked Chicken Breast
Department of Biosystems Machinery Engineering, College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chungnam National University, 99 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-764, Korea
Environmental Microbiology and Food Safety Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Powder Mill Rd. Bldg. 303, BARC-East, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, 88-2 Seodun-dong, Gwonseon-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 441-100, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 June 2013; in revised form: 22 September 2013 / Accepted: 26 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
Abstract: Spectroscopy has proven to be an efficient tool for measuring the properties of meat. In this article, hyperspectral imaging (HSI) techniques are used to determine the moisture content in cooked chicken breast over the VIS/NIR (400–1,000 nm) spectral range. Moisture measurements were performed using an oven drying method. A partial least squares regression (PLSR) model was developed to extract a relationship between the HSI spectra and the moisture content. In the full wavelength range, the PLSR model possessed a maximum of 0.90 and an SEP of 0.74%. For the NIR range, the PLSR model yielded an of 0.94 and an SEP of 0.71%. The majority of the absorption peaks occurred around 760 and 970 nm, representing the water content in the samples. Finally, PLSR images were constructed to visualize the dehydration and water distribution within different sample regions. The high correlation coefficient and low prediction error from the PLSR analysis validates that HSI is an effective tool for visualizing the chemical properties of meat.
Keywords: hyperspectral imaging; chicken breast; moisture content; cooking oven; PLSR
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Kandpal, L.M.; Lee, H.; Kim, M.S.; Mo, C.; Cho, B.-K. Hyperspectral Reflectance Imaging Technique for Visualization of Moisture Distribution in Cooked Chicken Breast. Sensors 2013, 13, 13289-13300.
Kandpal LM, Lee H, Kim MS, Mo C, Cho B-K. Hyperspectral Reflectance Imaging Technique for Visualization of Moisture Distribution in Cooked Chicken Breast. Sensors. 2013; 13(10):13289-13300.
Kandpal, Lalit M.; Lee, Hoonsoo; Kim, Moon S.; Mo, Changyeun; Cho, Byoung-Kwan. 2013. "Hyperspectral Reflectance Imaging Technique for Visualization of Moisture Distribution in Cooked Chicken Breast." Sensors 13, no. 10: 13289-13300.