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Sensors 2013, 13(10), 13258-13275; doi:10.3390/s131013258
Article

A New Corrosion Sensor to Determine the Start and Development of Embedded Rebar Corrosion Process at Coastal Concrete

* ,
 and *
Received: 27 August 2013; in revised form: 17 September 2013 / Accepted: 17 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The corrosion of reinforcements induced by chloride has resulted to be one of the most frequent causes of their premature damage. Most corrosion sensors were designed to monitor corrosion state in concrete, such as Anode-Ladder-System and Corrowatch System, which are widely used to monitor chloride ingress in marine concrete. However, the monitoring principle of these corrosion sensors is based on the macro-cell test method, so erroneous information may be obtained, especially from concrete under drying or saturated conditions due to concrete resistance taking control in macro-cell corrosion. In this paper, a fast weak polarization method to test corrosion state of reinforcements based on electrochemical polarization dynamics was proposed. Furthermore, a new corrosion sensor for monitoring the corrosion state of concrete cover was developed based on the proposed test method. The sensor was tested in cement mortar, with dry-wet cycle tests to accelerate the chloride ingress rate. The results show that the corrosion sensor can effectively monitor chloride penetration into concrete with little influence of the relative humidity in the concrete. With a reasonable corrosion sensor electrode arrangement, it seems the Ohm-drop effect measured by EIS can be ignored, which makes the tested electrochemical parameters more accurate.
Keywords: corrosion sensor; cement mortar resistance; corrosion rate; reference electrode; EIS corrosion sensor; cement mortar resistance; corrosion rate; reference electrode; EIS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, C.; Li, Z.; Jin, W. A New Corrosion Sensor to Determine the Start and Development of Embedded Rebar Corrosion Process at Coastal Concrete. Sensors 2013, 13, 13258-13275.

AMA Style

Xu C, Li Z, Jin W. A New Corrosion Sensor to Determine the Start and Development of Embedded Rebar Corrosion Process at Coastal Concrete. Sensors. 2013; 13(10):13258-13275.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Chen; Li, Zhiyuan; Jin, Weiliang. 2013. "A New Corrosion Sensor to Determine the Start and Development of Embedded Rebar Corrosion Process at Coastal Concrete." Sensors 13, no. 10: 13258-13275.


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