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An On-Time Power-Aware Scheduling Scheme for Medical Sensor SoC-Based WBAN Systems
Multimedia IP Center, Korea Electronic Technology Institute, 6th Fl., #22, Daewangpangyo-ro 712 Bundang-gu Gyeonggi-do, Seongnam-si 463-400, Korea
Department of Computer Engineering, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Gyeonggi-do, Yongin-si 449-791, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2012; in revised form: 19 December 2012 / Accepted: 20 December 2012 / Published: 27 December 2012
Abstract: The focus of many leading technologies in the field of medical sensor systems is on low power consumption and robust data transmission. For example, the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), which is used to maintain the heart in a healthy state, requires a reliable wireless communication scheme with an extremely low duty-cycle, high bit rate, and energy-efficient media access protocols. Because such devices must be sustained for over 5 years without access to battery replacement, they must be designed to have extremely low power consumption in sleep mode. Here, an on-time, energy-efficient scheduling scheme is proposed that performs power adjustments to minimize the sleep-mode current. The novelty of this scheduler is that it increases the determinacy of power adjustment and the predictability of scheduling by employing non-pre-emptible dual priority scheduling. This predictable scheduling also guarantees the punctuality of important periodic tasks based on their serialization, by using their worst case execution time) and the power consumption optimization. The scheduler was embedded into a system on chip (SoC) developed to support the wireless body area network—a wakeup-radio and wakeup-timer for implantable medical devices. This scheduling system is validated by the experimental results of its performance when used with life-time extensions of ICD devices.
Keywords: on-time scheduling; power-aware; WBAN; wakeup-radio; wakeup-timer; sensor SoC; ICD; TMO
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Hwang, T.-H.; Kim, D.-S.; Kim, J.-G. An On-Time Power-Aware Scheduling Scheme for Medical Sensor SoC-Based WBAN Systems. Sensors 2013, 13, 375-392.
Hwang T-H, Kim D-S, Kim J-G. An On-Time Power-Aware Scheduling Scheme for Medical Sensor SoC-Based WBAN Systems. Sensors. 2013; 13(1):375-392.
Hwang, Tae-Ho; Kim, Dong-Sun; Kim, Jung-Guk. 2013. "An On-Time Power-Aware Scheduling Scheme for Medical Sensor SoC-Based WBAN Systems." Sensors 13, no. 1: 375-392.