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The Role of Advanced Sensing in Smart Cities
Advanced Sensor Networks Research Group, Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
Information Security Group, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham TW20 0EX, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 November 2012; in revised form: 17 December 2012 / Accepted: 19 December 2012 / Published: 27 December 2012
Abstract: In a world where resources are scarce and urban areas consume the vast majority of these resources, it is vital to make cities greener and more sustainable. Advanced systems to improve and automate processes within a city will play a leading role in smart cities. From smart design of buildings, which capture rain water for later use, to intelligent control systems, which can monitor infrastructures autonomously, the possible improvements enabled by sensing technologies are immense. Ubiquitous sensing poses numerous challenges, which are of a technological or social nature. This paper presents an overview of the state of the art with regards to sensing in smart cities. Topics include sensing applications in smart cities, sensing platforms and technical challenges associated with these technologies. In an effort to provide a holistic view of how sensing technologies play a role in smart cities, a range of applications and technical challenges associated with these applications are discussed. As some of these applications and technologies belong to different disciplines, the material presented in this paper attempts to bridge these to provide a broad overview, which can be of help to researchers and developers in understanding how advanced sensing can play a role in smart cities.
Keywords: advanced sensing; sensor networks; smart cities; internet of things
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Hancke, G.P.; Silva, B.C.; Hancke, Jr., G.P. The Role of Advanced Sensing in Smart Cities. Sensors 2013, 13, 393-425.
Hancke GP, Silva BC, Hancke, Jr. GP. The Role of Advanced Sensing in Smart Cities. Sensors. 2013; 13(1):393-425.
Hancke, Gerhard P.; Silva, Bruno C.; Hancke, Jr., Gerhard P. 2013. "The Role of Advanced Sensing in Smart Cities." Sensors 13, no. 1: 393-425.