Sensors 2011, 11(5), 5469-5488; doi:10.3390/s110505469
Review

Cognitive Facilitation Following Intentional Odor Exposure

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Received: 13 April 2011; in revised form: 10 May 2011 / Accepted: 17 May 2011 / Published: 19 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Direct and Indirect Sensing of Odor and VOCs and Their Control)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper reviews evidence that, in addition to incidental olfactory pollutants, intentional odor delivery can impact cognitive operations both positively and negatively. Evidence for cognitive facilitation/interference is reviewed alongside four potential explanations for odor-induced effects. It is concluded that the pharmacological properties of odors can induce changes in cognition. However, these effects can be accentuated/attenuated by the shift in mood following odor exposure, expectancy of cognitive effects, and cues to behavior via the contextual association with the odor. It is proposed that greater consideration is required in the intentional utilization of odors within both industrial and private locations, since differential effects are observed for odors with positive hedonic qualities.
Keywords: odors; cognitive facilitation; memory; alertness; essential oils
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MDPI and ACS Style

Johnson, A.J. Cognitive Facilitation Following Intentional Odor Exposure. Sensors 2011, 11, 5469-5488.

AMA Style

Johnson AJ. Cognitive Facilitation Following Intentional Odor Exposure. Sensors. 2011; 11(5):5469-5488.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johnson, Andrew J. 2011. "Cognitive Facilitation Following Intentional Odor Exposure." Sensors 11, no. 5: 5469-5488.

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