Sensors 2011, 11(5), 5439-5468; doi:10.3390/s110505439

A Survey on Multimedia-Based Cross-Layer Optimization in Visual Sensor Networks

1,2,* email and 1email
Received: 21 March 2011; in revised form: 13 April 2011 / Accepted: 15 April 2011 / Published: 18 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Visual sensor networks (VSNs) comprised of battery-operated electronic devices endowed with low-resolution cameras have expanded the applicability of a series of monitoring applications. Those types of sensors are interconnected by ad hoc error-prone wireless links, imposing stringent restrictions on available bandwidth, end-to-end delay and packet error rates. In such context, multimedia coding is required for data compression and error-resilience, also ensuring energy preservation over the path(s) toward the sink and improving the end-to-end perceptual quality of the received media. Cross-layer optimization may enhance the expected efficiency of VSNs applications, disrupting the conventional information flow of the protocol layers. When the inner characteristics of the multimedia coding techniques are exploited by cross-layer protocols and architectures, higher efficiency may be obtained in visual sensor networks. This paper surveys recent research on multimedia-based cross-layer optimization, presenting the proposed strategies and mechanisms for transmission rate adjustment, congestion control, multipath selection, energy preservation and error recovery. We note that many multimedia-based cross-layer optimization solutions have been proposed in recent years, each one bringing a wealth of contributions to visual sensor networks.
Keywords: cross-layer optimization; visual sensor networks; wireless multimedia sensor networks; congestion control; error recovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Costa, D.G.; Guedes, L.A. A Survey on Multimedia-Based Cross-Layer Optimization in Visual Sensor Networks. Sensors 2011, 11, 5439-5468.

AMA Style

Costa DG, Guedes LA. A Survey on Multimedia-Based Cross-Layer Optimization in Visual Sensor Networks. Sensors. 2011; 11(5):5439-5468.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Costa, Daniel G.; Guedes, Luiz Affonso. 2011. "A Survey on Multimedia-Based Cross-Layer Optimization in Visual Sensor Networks." Sensors 11, no. 5: 5439-5468.

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