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Sensors 2011, 11(10), 9603-9612; doi:10.3390/s111009603
Article

Intercomparisons of Nine Sky Brightness Detectors

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Received: 8 September 2011; in revised form: 27 September 2011 / Accepted: 28 September 2011 / Published: 11 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: Nine Sky Quality Meters (SQMs) have been intercompared during a night time measurement campaign held in the Netherlands in April 2011. Since then the nine SQMs have been distributed across the Netherlands and form the Dutch network for monitoring night sky brightness. The goal of the intercomparison was to infer mutual calibration factors and obtain insight into the variability of the SQMs under different meteorological situations. An ensemble average is built from the individual measurements and used as a reference to infer the mutual calibration factors. Data required additional synchronization prior to the calibration determination, because the effect of moving clouds combined with small misalignments emerges as time jitter in the measurements. Initial scatter of the individual instruments lies between ±14%. Individual night time sums range from −16% to +20%. Intercalibration reduces this to 0.5%, and −7% to +9%, respectively. During the campaign the smallest luminance measured was 0.657 ± 0.003 mcd/m2 on 12 April, and the largest value was 5.94 ± 0.03 mcd/m2 on 2 April. During both occurrences interfering circumstances like snow cover or moonlight were absent.
Keywords: artificial lighting; intercomparison; intercalibration; light pollution; night sky brightness; Sky Quality Meter artificial lighting; intercomparison; intercalibration; light pollution; night sky brightness; Sky Quality Meter
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

den Outer, P.; Lolkema, D.; Haaima, M.; Hoff, R.; Spoelstra, H.; Schmidt, W. Intercomparisons of Nine Sky Brightness Detectors. Sensors 2011, 11, 9603-9612.

AMA Style

den Outer P, Lolkema D, Haaima M, Hoff R, Spoelstra H, Schmidt W. Intercomparisons of Nine Sky Brightness Detectors. Sensors. 2011; 11(10):9603-9612.

Chicago/Turabian Style

den Outer, Peter; Lolkema, Dorien; Haaima, Marty; Hoff, Rene van der; Spoelstra, Henk; Schmidt, Wim. 2011. "Intercomparisons of Nine Sky Brightness Detectors." Sensors 11, no. 10: 9603-9612.


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