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Sensors 2010, 10(6), 5724-5757; doi:10.3390/s100605724
Article

Windows on the Human Body – in Vivo High-Field Magnetic Resonance Research and Applications in Medicine and Psychology

1,2,3,* , 1,2
,
1,2,4
,
1,3
,
4
 and
1,3
1 MR Center of Excellence, Medical University of Vienna, Lazarettgasse 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria 2 Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria 3 Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria 4 Brain Research Lab, Department of Clinical, Biological and Differential Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, A-1010 Vienna, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 March 2010 / Revised: 2 April 2010 / Accepted: 17 May 2010 / Published: 8 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Austria)
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Abstract

Analogous to the evolution of biological sensor-systems, the progress in “medical sensor-systems”, i.e., diagnostic procedures, is paradigmatically described. Outstanding highlights of this progress are magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS), which enable non-invasive, in vivo acquisition of morphological, functional, and metabolic information from the human body with unsurpassed quality. Recent achievements in high and ultra-high field MR (at 3 and 7 Tesla) are described, and representative research applications in Medicine and Psychology in Austria are discussed. Finally, an overview of current and prospective research in multi-modal imaging, potential clinical applications, as well as current limitations and challenges is given.
Keywords: magnetic resonance; 1H; 23Na; 31P; MRI; fMRI; SWI; MRS; EEG; SCP; multi modal imaging; sensors; magnetic field strength; brain; skeletal muscle; joints; cartilage magnetic resonance; 1H; 23Na; 31P; MRI; fMRI; SWI; MRS; EEG; SCP; multi modal imaging; sensors; magnetic field strength; brain; skeletal muscle; joints; cartilage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Moser, E.; Meyerspeer, M.; Fischmeister, F.P.S.; Grabner, G.; Bauer, H.; Trattnig, S. Windows on the Human Body – in Vivo High-Field Magnetic Resonance Research and Applications in Medicine and Psychology. Sensors 2010, 10, 5724-5757.

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