Sensors 2010, 10(6), 5294-5307; doi:10.3390/s100605294
Article

Transversely Excited Multipass Photoacoustic Cell Using Electromechanical Film as Microphone

1,* email, 1email, 1email, 1,2email and 1email
Received: 19 April 2010; in revised form: 21 May 2010 / Accepted: 24 May 2010 / Published: 26 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Spectroscopy and Sensing)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A novel multipass photoacoustic cell with five stacked electromechanical films as a microphone has been constructed, tested and characterized. The photoacoustic cell is an open rectangular structure with two steel plates facing each other. The longitudinal acoustic resonances are excited transversely in an optical multipass configuration. A detection limit of 22 ppb (10−9) was achieved for flowing NO2 in N2 at normal pressure by using the maximum of 70 laser beams between the resonator plates. The corresponding minimum detectable absorption and the normalized noise-equivalent absorption coefficients were 2:2 × 10−7 cm−1 and 3:2 × 10−9 cm−1WHz−1/2, respectively.
Keywords: multipass; photoacoustic; spectroscopy; longitudinal resonance; transversal excitation; transducer; electromechanical film microphone; EMFIT film
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saarela, J.; Sand, J.; Sorvajärvi, T.; Manninen, A.; Toivonen, J. Transversely Excited Multipass Photoacoustic Cell Using Electromechanical Film as Microphone. Sensors 2010, 10, 5294-5307.

AMA Style

Saarela J, Sand J, Sorvajärvi T, Manninen A, Toivonen J. Transversely Excited Multipass Photoacoustic Cell Using Electromechanical Film as Microphone. Sensors. 2010; 10(6):5294-5307.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saarela, Jaakko; Sand, Johan; Sorvajärvi, Tapio; Manninen, Albert; Toivonen, Juha. 2010. "Transversely Excited Multipass Photoacoustic Cell Using Electromechanical Film as Microphone." Sensors 10, no. 6: 5294-5307.

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