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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(12), 2543-2558; doi:10.3390/ijms9122543
Review

Species-specific Fungal DNA in Airborne Dust as Surrogate for Occupational Mycotoxin Exposure?

National Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Chemical and Biological Working Environment, Gydasvei 8, Pb. 8149 Dep., N-0033 Oslo, Norway
Received: 7 November 2008 / Revised: 8 December 2008 / Accepted: 10 December 2008 / Published: 10 December 2008
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Abstract

Possible health risks associated with occupational inhalation of mycotoxin-containing dust remain largely unknown, partly because methods for mycotoxin detection are not sensitive enough for the small dust masses obtained by personal sampling, which is needed for inhalable exposure measurements. Specific and sensitive PCR detection of fungi with mycotoxin-producing potential seem to be a good surrogate for occupational exposure measurements that include all fungal structures independent of morphology and cultivability. Results should, however, be interpreted with caution due to variable correlations with mycotoxin concentrations.
Keywords: Occupational exposure; mycotoxin exposure; inhalation; PCR; fungi Occupational exposure; mycotoxin exposure; inhalation; PCR; fungi
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Halstensen, A.S. Species-specific Fungal DNA in Airborne Dust as Surrogate for Occupational Mycotoxin Exposure? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9, 2543-2558.

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