In Situ Forming Gelatin Hydrogels-Directed Angiogenic Differentiation and Activity of Patient-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells
AbstractDirecting angiogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) still remains challenging for successful tissue engineering. Without blood vessel formation, stem cell-based approaches are unable to fully regenerate damaged tissues due to limited support for cell viability and desired tissue/organ functionality. Herein, we report in situ cross-linkable gelatin−hydroxyphenyl propionic acid (GH) hydrogels that can induce pro-angiogenic profiles of MSCs via purely material-driven effects. This hydrogel directed endothelial differentiation of mouse and human patient-derived MSCs through integrin-mediated interactions at the cell-material interface, thereby promoting perfusable blood vessel formation in vitro and in vivo. The causative roles of specific integrin types (α1 and αvβ3) in directing endothelial differentiation were verified by blocking the integrin functions with chemical inhibitors. In addition, to verify the material-driven effect is not species-specific, we confirmed in vitro endothelial differentiation and in vivo blood vessel formation of patient-derived human MSCs by this hydrogel. These findings provide new insight into how purely material-driven effects can direct endothelial differentiation of MSCs, thereby promoting vascularization of scaffolds towards tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications in humans. View Full-Text
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Lee, Y.; Balikov, D.A.; Lee, J.B.; Lee, S.H.; Lee, S.H.; Lee, J.H.; Park, K.D.; Sung, H.-J. In Situ Forming Gelatin Hydrogels-Directed Angiogenic Differentiation and Activity of Patient-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1705.
Lee Y, Balikov DA, Lee JB, Lee SH, Lee SH, Lee JH, Park KD, Sung H-J. In Situ Forming Gelatin Hydrogels-Directed Angiogenic Differentiation and Activity of Patient-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(8):1705.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lee, Yunki; Balikov, Daniel A.; Lee, Jung B.; Lee, Sue H.; Lee, Seung H.; Lee, Jong H.; Park, Ki D.; Sung, Hak-Joon. 2017. "In Situ Forming Gelatin Hydrogels-Directed Angiogenic Differentiation and Activity of Patient-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 8: 1705.
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