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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(4), 837; doi:10.3390/ijms18040837

Clinical Outcomes of 217 Patients with Acute Erythroleukemia According to Treatment Type and Line: A Retrospective Multinational Study

Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa (IPOL), 1200-795 Lisbon, Portugal
Institut Paoli Calmettes, Marseille, France and Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT 06512, USA
Hopital Saint-Louis, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Paris Diderot University, 75010 Paris, France
Hospital Universitario de Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
University Hospital of Halle, 06120 Halle, Germany
Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IN 60612, USA
Hospital Sao Joao, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
University Tor Vergata, 00173 Rome, Italy
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
RCCS-CROB, Referral Cancer Center of Basilicata, 85028 Rionero in Vulture (Pz), Italy
Department of Hematology VU University Medical Center, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte Hospital Santa Maria, 1649-035 Lisbon, Portugal
Department of Internal Medicine IV, Hospital Wels-Grieskirchen, 4600 Wels, Austria
Department of Internal Medicine V (Haematology and Oncology), Innsbruck Medical University, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
1st Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Oncology and Hematology, Wilhelminenspital, 1160 Vienna, Austria
Internal Medicine, Hospital Feldkirch,6800 Feldkirch, Austria
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Fürstenfeld, 8280 Fürstenfeld, Austria
Department for Internal Medicine, Klinikum Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, 9020 Pörtschach am Wörthersee, Austria
Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Hospital del Mar, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Hospital Son Llatzer, 07198 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Hospital Universitario, 15006 A Coruña, Spain
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, 08026 Barcelona, Spain
Hospital Universitario de la Ribera, 46600 Alzira, Spain
Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 49100 Angers, France
Department of Internal Medicine I, Division of Hematology & Hemostaseology and Ludwig Boltzmann Cluster Oncology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
3rd Med. Department, Paracelsus Medical University, 5020 Salzburg, Austria
Salzburg Cancer Research Institute, 5020 Salzburg, Austria
Cancer Cluster Salzburg, 5020 Salzburg, Austria
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Medikamentöse Tumortherapie (AGMT), 5020 Salzburg, Austria
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Geoffrey Brown and Ewa Marcinkowska
Received: 10 February 2017 / Revised: 20 March 2017 / Accepted: 6 April 2017 / Published: 14 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Biology and Treatment of Myeloid Leukaemias)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1527 KB, uploaded 14 April 2017]   |  


Acute erythroleukemia (AEL) is a rare disease typically associated with a poor prognosis. The median survival ranges between 3–9 months from initial diagnosis. Hypomethylating agents (HMAs) have been shown to prolong survival in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and AML, but there is limited data of their efficacy in AEL. We collected data from 210 AEL patients treated at 28 international sites. Overall survival (OS) and PFS were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was used for subgroup comparisons. Survival between treatment groups was compared using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Eighty-eight patients were treated with HMAs, 44 front line, and 122 with intensive chemotherapy (ICT). ICT led to a higher overall response rate (complete or partial) compared to first-line HMA (72% vs. 46.2%, respectively; p ≤ 0.001), but similar progression-free survival (8.0 vs. 9.4 months; p = 0.342). Overall survival was similar for ICT vs. HMAs (10.5 vs. 13.7 months; p = 0.564), but patients with high-risk cytogenetics treated with HMA first-line lived longer (7.5 for ICT vs. 13.3 months; p = 0.039). Our results support the therapeutic value of HMA in AEL. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute erythroleukemia; azacitidine; decitabine acute erythroleukemia; azacitidine; decitabine

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Almeida, A.M.; Prebet, T.; Itzykson, R.; Ramos, F.; Al-Ali, H.; Shammo, J.; Pinto, R.; Maurillo, L.; Wetzel, J.; Musto, P.; Van De Loosdrecht, A.A.; Costa, M.J.; Esteves, S.; Burgstaller, S.; Stauder, R.; Autzinger, E.M.; Lang, A.; Krippl, P.; Geissler, D.; Falantes, J.F.; Pedro, C.; Bargay, J.; Deben, G.; Garrido, A.; Bonanad, S.; Diez-Campelo, M.; Thepot, S.; Ades, L.; Sperr, W.R.; Valent, P.; Fenaux, P.; Sekeres, M.A.; Greil, R.; Pleyer, L. Clinical Outcomes of 217 Patients with Acute Erythroleukemia According to Treatment Type and Line: A Retrospective Multinational Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 837.

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